Most of you who read this will be familiar with the draft proposed recently by OSHA regarding crane operator qualification which would replace the original wording of the 1926 (subpart CC) section 1427. This is the section where the operator certification and qualification requirements are covered. You can go to https://www.osha.gov/doc/accsh/accshcrane.pdf to read the entire proposed draft.
In a nutshell, the draft was a rewrite of what qualifies and/or certifies an equipment operator, which includes a variety of crane types. In particular, the draft as written would require an extensive annual evaluation of the operator and require that the operator attend a very strenuous training program. The ‘proposed draft’ changed the current wording which states that operators are to be “certified by type and capacity of equipment” to “operators are to be certified by type of equipment.”
As you might expect, there was an adverse reaction to this proposed draft, especially by employers of crane and equipment operators, since an annual evaluation of each operator would be extremely time-consuming and costly. Personally, I was not surprised by this proposed draft. I knew change was coming when OSHA extended the operator certification date because of the opposition of certain groups over operators having to be certified by type and capacity. Also, it was pretty obvious that OSHA had given serious thought to the subject of cranes, particularly to personnel who operate them, that certification did not equal qualification and there should be a greater emphasis on operator training, assessment and evaluation.
OSHA scheduled an ACCSH (Advisory Committee on Construction Safety and Health) meeting on March 2, to discuss the proposed draft. ACCSH is a 15-member advisory body that provides advice and assistance in construction and policy matters to the assistant secretary. ACCSH meetings are open to the public and...
January 26, 2015 (Sanford, Fla.) – Crane Institute of America has long focused on providing technical training for equipment operators and riggers, but as ASME and OSHA standards have evolved, placing greater emphasis on the responsibilities of other crew members, Crane Institute has expanded its available training programs.
“There is an increasing need for formal training for other crew members, such as Assembly/Disassembly Directors, Lift Directors, Master Riggers, and Site Supervisors,” said Jim Headley, President of Crane Institute.
The newest training program to join Crane Institute’s Management Training Curriculum is the four-day Lift Director/Lift Planner course. The first open-enrollment classes will be held in March at Crane Institute’s headquarters in Sanford, Fla.
The course identifies the responsibilities of the people involved in the lift and outlines ASME and OSHA requirements for Lift Directors, including Site Supervisor responsibilities, and Lift Planners. Among the topics covered are pre-lift requirements, avoiding hazards, special lifting operations, and how to plan a lift from start to finish.
Among the materials attendees will receive are a lift director/lift planner workbook, a mobile crane lift planning form, and two handbooks – Mobiles Cranes and Rigging.
Journeyman and Master Riggers
In addition, Crane Institute is in the process of updating its rigger training programs to ensure that the Rigger/Signalperson program is on a Journeyman level. The course will remain a two-day class. Likewise, the ‘Advanced Rigger’ program is undergoing a name change to ‘Master Rigger,’ which currently covers inspection, moving loads vertically, horizontally, and up inclines, determining load weight, calculating sling loads, and multi-crane lifts. “Both the Rigger/Signalperson and Master Rigger programs are designed to meet corporate and municipal requirements,” said Headley. Students will have the option to conclude the course by taking applicable Crane Institute Certification (CIC) exams.
January 26, 2015 (Sanford, Fla.) – A new Training Partnership program from Crane Institute of America is designed to provide independent crane and rigging trainers with the tools they need to prepare employees for qualification and/or certification. Crane Institute’s Training Partnership provides trainers with access to a professionally developed training program and curriculum with over 300 slides, videos and workbooks, backed by nearly 30 years of experience in sound training methods.
Prospective trainers are independent training consultants or trainers employed by contractors, utilities, the petro-chem industry, or other businesses with crane and rigging operations. Participating Training Partners integrate Crane Institute’s curriculum and materials into their own training departments.
“Why re-invent the wheel?” asks Jim Headley, President of Crane Institute of America. “Trends in risk management and stiffer regulatory requirements have increased demand for quality training. This program gives employers professional training resources at a fraction of the cost to develop your own program, while allowing the flexibility to customize to your specific needs,” he said.
The process is simple. Candidates attend Train-the-Trainer Programs of their choice to become proficient and certified as trainers by Crane Institute of America. Options include Mobile Crane, Small Crane (including Boom Trucks, Knuckleboom Cranes, Digger Derricks and Service Mechanic Trucks), Overhead Cranes, Forklifts, and Rigger/Signalperson Train-the-Trainer classes. In addition, a train-the-trainer course for Aerial Work Platforms will be introduced later in 2015.
Approved trainers, earning two-year credentials, can then purchase a license to use Crane Institute’s online training program, which can be used anywhere in the world. Training Partners have access to workbooks, training materials, and certificates, which can be co-branded with your company logo.
Train-the-Trainer courses range from three to seven days and open enrollment dates are available at our Orlando, Fla., facility. Alternatively, all Train-the-Trainer programs can be held at your...
If you are anything like me, then your desk is covered with sticky notes with reminders of what needs to be completed. These helpful reminders are a great solution to get the ‘busy’ work completed, but what about the important information?
Our infographic describes eye-opening statistics provided by OSHA. These statistics should be one everyone’s desks as a reminder to be safe and mindful when working.
November 25, 2014 (Sanford, Fla.) — In cooperation with the 2015 World of Concrete show, Crane Institute Companies, CIC and Crane Institute of America, will bring two crane operator skills competitions to commercial concrete and masonry contractors, Feb. 3-5, 2015 in Las Vegas, Nev.
Making its debut is a Knuckleboom Crane Operator Challenge, which draws its skills assessment criteria from Crane Institute Certification’s articulating boom crane certification. Three knuckleboom crane operators—one each day of the Outdoor Gold Lot Events—will win cash and other prizes.
In addition, four telescopic boom crane operators will be selected as World of Concrete regional finalists for the Crane Operator & Rigger Skills Championship, to be held later in 2015. CIC began holding regional events hosted by CIC Practical Examiners and their partners in October 2014. CIC Regional Crane Operator & Rigger Skills Competitions continue through June 2015. Grand Prize for the Championship is $10,000.
Judges and CIC Practical Examiners from Crane Institute of America and other organizations will oversee both crane courses, which are designed to assess precision, depth perception, and load control. “Tasks will reflect typical activities experienced on real job sites, which is a defining characteristic of CIC certifications,” said Jim Headley, CEO of CIC and President of Crane Institute of America. In addition, operators will be evaluated on proper rigging selection, sponsored by Columbus McKinnon.
“Crane Institute Companies is pleased to have been invited to participate in World of Concrete’s Outdoor Events. With educational sessions, hands-on activities, and hundreds of exhibitors, this show provides something for someone in every level of a construction contractor organization,” said Headley.
Western Star, in partnership with its dealers Hoover Truck & Bus Centers and Modern Group, will supply the cranes for the Crane Operator & Rigger Skills Competition. Serving Eastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware,...
The thought of an OSHA Compliance Office visiting a construction site may make some cringe.
OSHA released a ‘directive for enforcing requirements of the Cranes and Derricks in Construction standard.’ The purpose of the directive is to give OSHA personnel a basis on how to conduct their inspections at construction sites when equipment covered by Subpart CC are present.
The items outlined below are just the minimum a Compliance Office follows during their inspection. The officer can include items in the inspection from other applicable requirements if the reason for the inspection is a fatality, compliant/referral inspection, or if a hazardous condition is present.
- Are ground conditions adequate, including support/foundation, matting, cribbing, blocking, etc?
- Is there visibly apparent need for repairs of equipment?
- Are nearby power lines energized; what is the voltage; what is the crane’s working area; and what are the encroachment prevention procedures?
- Is a signal person used and do they have documentation of qualification, electronic or physical?
- Is the qualified signal person the one communicating with the operator?
- Are lift plans being followed, if used?
- If hoisting personnel, who determined it was necessary?
- Are meetings being conducting for working near power lines, A/D work or hoisting?
- Is all available rigging equipment compliant?
- Are load charts and OEM manual’s available for the specific equipment used?
- Is the operator qualified, trained and competent?
- Are equipment and wire rope inspections being conducted; by whom; and are they qualified?
- Are safety devices and operational aids functioning?
- Are there any visual deficiencies of hoisting equipment, components and load line?
- How is weight of load determined?
- Are qualified riggers being used for A/D work and when in the fall zone?
- Who is the A/D Director and are they present?
- Are oilers and mechanics qualified; are they communicating with the operator; and are...
A question posed to the Crane and Hoist Professionals group on LinkedIn asked if “Lugs” were required on underhung cranes. Most group members responded, “Yes,” because the ASME B30.11 or MH 27-1 requires it. This is not surprising because the text of many standards make them sound like they set requirements and well intended readers believe it. Let’s get technically correct:
• In the U.S., OSHA enforces the Code of Federal Regulations, for Safety and Health, with fines for non-compliance.
• In order for something to be “required” for safety and health, OSHA has to require it.
• ASME, ANSI, NFPA, NEC and other voluntary standards are only required to be followed if OSHA incorporates it.
• OSHA currently has no regulation covering underhung cranes.
• 29 CFR 1910.179 covers only top running bridge and gantry cranes.
• ASME B30.2, which is incorporated in part, covers top running cranes.
• Cranes only have to meet requirements that existed at the time of manufacture, grandfathering.
• Grandfathering and technical correctness exists until an accident.
• After an accident, OSHA can use the B30.11 lug requirement via the “general duty clause”.
• Lawyers have no rules.
• Lugs are not required on new or existing underhung cranes and employers cannot be required to install them.
• Employers must maintain a safe and healthful working environment.
• Employers can be held liable for not complying with “voluntary” standards.
Visit our online store to purchase the current ASME B30 standards.
Does it Come with a Parachute?
Ruthmann, a German-based company, brags they manufacture the world’s highest reach Aerial Lift with a distance of 328 feet. The Steiger TTS1000 is a Vehicle Mounted (trailer) Aerial Lift that is used to get personnel on tall things like wind turbines.
Reaching these kinds of elevations is possible by utilizing several features found on Telescoping Boom Cranes. The base is a telescoping boom with a telescoping luffing jib. There is a personnel basket attached to a short fixed length luffing jib. The telescoping luffing jib can be positioned in line with the telescoping boom for maximum reach. The short luffing jib can luff 180º to better position the personnel basket .
Genie and JLG are competing for the world’s highest reach Extensible (telescoping) Boom Aerial Lift at 185 feet so far. The big difference in height has to do with how the aerial lifts function. The Steiger is setup level on outriggers with a long span giving it a lot of resistance from turning over. In comparison, the Genie and JLG Industries have far less resistance to turning over because they are expected to travel around the job site and they are setup on tires.
Video Source: Ruthmann Steiger
Read more about the Steiger TTS1000 on enr.construction.com.
A pole designed to support a large billboard sign was being erected in Central Florida in May, using a telescoping boom crane, when somehow it fell. Bramblett was in the basket of a Vehicle-Mounted aerial lift. Despite being told not to, he tied the basket to the pole. When the pole started to fall Bramblett tried to cut the basket free of the pole which was temporarily being held up by the aerial lift. The weight of the pole was too much for the aerial lift and the basket was ripped from the boom sending it and Keith Bramblett 40 feet to the ground.
What made the billboard pole fall?
The crane didn’t overturn, so the pole must have been rigged improperly. Lifting a large pole from horizontal to vertical and aligning with the base mounting bolts is no easy trick, though the technique is well known. Rigging a large pole can be difficult if there are no weldments to attach to. Using a basket or choker hitch around the pole would not have been adequate rigging to lift it to a vertical position. If the rigging had been done improperly, the pole could have slip out of the slings.
Why was the man basket tied to the billboard pole?
Workers are required to connect their fall protection harness to a proper anchor in the basket. They’re required to only tie off the basket if they are going to get out of it at elevation, which obviously isn’t the case here. The OSHA investigation will determine why the load fell but we may never know why Bramblett tied...
Self-erecting tower cranes run the risk of tipping much like mobile cranes.
In some cases, self-erecting tower cranes are replacing mobile cranes because of their efficiency in travel and set-up. Self-erector set-up is similar to mobile crane set-up. Both require firm, level ground with extended outriggers or stabilizers. Counterweights must be installed per the manufacturer’s specification like most modern mobile cranes.
Unlike traditional tower cranes, which experience structural failure if overloaded, self-erectors are more likely to tip over. However, like mobile cranes, self-erectors are difficult to turn over because of their large structural design factors and required load chart safety margins.
Our Tower Crane Operator & Inspector covers hammerhead, luffing, and self-erecting tower cranes.
See also Flat Top Luffing Tower Crane.