A wooden girder bridge crane that could have been manufactured around the turn of the last century was spotted by a CIA instructor while on vacation. Shelburne Farms VT, a model for sustainable farming, once had horse drawn carriages that were used to transport guests to their inn. When these carriages needed repair the body was lifted off the undercarriage using a wooden girder, top running, and dual drum, manually powered and operated bridge crane. Ropes were reeved over two large wooden sheaves, one controlled bridge travel and the other controlled hoisting. The large diameter sheaves provided the leverage required to lift and move the carriages. Two wooden hoist drums, one on each side of the carriage, were used to lift the carriage body; the holding brake or dog manually engaged one of the sheave spokes preventing it from turning. It is not known who designed and manufactured the crane. VT was home to many early inventors including the Fairbanks Brothers and Frank Strong who invented scales for weighing large objects. This crane would be typical of other engineered products they would have made with available technologies of the time.
If reliability is a key factor and the crane does not have to operate often or quickly nothing is more reliable than manually operated. The pump room crane in the City of St Petersburg water treatment plant is probably 100 years old and the ultimate in reliability. It has manual bridge and trolley travel where the operator pulls the chain in the direction they want the crane to travel. It has a 2 speed manually operated wire rope hoist. By pulling the chain on a large sprocket the hoist moves fast and by pulling the chain on a small sprocket the hoist moves slowly.
It is no coincidence that Rough Terrain Forklifts or Telehandlers turn over sideways when they fail. Untrained or poorly trained users do not realize that the Telehandler has many of the same characteristics found in cranes. A standard forklift has forks or other attachments on a carriage that is lifted up a mast. They have a fixed capacity as long as the load is within the fork load center. A Telehandler on the other hand has a telescoping boom and when it extends, increasing the radius, its capacity is reduced. It has a Capacity Chart like a crane showing what the capacity is as the radius increases. When the boom is extended it also must be setup level, on tires or stabilizers, like a crane when operated. Some Telehandlers have an oscillating axel that allows them to travel on rough terrain but it must be locked in position using a hydraulic cylinder when setup and extending the boom. The specific cause of the accident is not known at this time, but the pictures show that they turned over sideways. There are several things that would cause this type of turnover. Either the Telehandler was not setup level or the stabilizers were not set or the axil was not locked, any of which would cause it to turn over sideways.
You may have heard people referencing OSHA Subpart CC or the OSHA 1926.1400 standards for cranes and derricks. Effective in 2010, this new rule updated the requirements for this equipment used in construction.
Digger derricks were exempted in the preamble of the rule when used in operations or maintenance activities and when used for auguring holes or setting poles. After the rule’s release, Edison Electric Institute (EEI) petitioned OSHA to expand its exemption to all digger derrick operations covered by Subpart V, which accounted for an additional 5 percent of the work performed by digger derricks.
However, OSHA received a significant adverse comment on the direct final rule and in February 2013, the agency withdrew the direct final rule. Instead, OSHA will follow its normal rule-making procedures by issuing the expanded exemption through the negotiated rulemaking process.
As it stands now, the digger derrick exemption has no change as of the August 2010 ruling, which states:
Digger derricks when used for augering holes for poles carrying electric and telecommunication lines, placing and removing the poles, and for handling associated materials to be installed on or removed from the poles. Digger derricks used in work subject to 29 CFR part 1926, subpart V, must comply with 29 CFR 1910.269. Digger derricks used in construction work for telecommunication service (as defined at 29 CFR 1910.268(s)(40)) must comply with 29 CFR 1910.268.
For a full recap of the digger derrick exemption request and the subsequent process, read this article at regulations.gov.
To read about the revised exemption and its withdrawal from the direct final rule:
November 2012: http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=FEDERAL_REGISTER&p_id=23516
Could OSHA Change Course on its Proposed Delay of Operator Certification?
By Debbie Dickinson
Just because OSHA has proposed a delay to operator certification, doesn’t mean it’s sure to happen. Employers and operators should take notice of recent activity in Washington, D.C.
We learned this week about a different regulation that was in a similar situation to 1926.1400 Cranes and Derricks in Construction; on Aug. 7, OSHA withdrew a proposed rule to amend the On-Site Consultation Program.
Although this has nothing to do with cranes and derricks, the parallels between the two rules and the actions taken by the Federal Agency are worth noting. OSHA cited stakeholder concerns that a delay to the rule would discourage employers from participating in the program as the key reason to move forward with the regulation. Many in the crane industry fear the same would happen if crane operator certification is delayed.
The two rules also share similar timing. OSHA first issued an intent to delay and outlined plans for changing the Consultation Program regulation at the end of July, just a few months after its proposal about crane operator certification. Yet, no such plan has been forthcoming from OSHA as it relates to cranes and derricks. The timing of the final rule for the Consultation Program regulation preceded the crane operator regulation by just 8 days.
While we remain unsure of what OSHA will do regarding the crane operator certification regulation and its proposed delay, we do know that:
1. A delay is unnecessary; CIC has offered specific solutions to OSHA that fully solve the concerns raised.
2. According to OSHA research and Province of Ontario studies conducted over a period of years, 80% fewer crane-related deaths and 50% fewer accidents occur with certified crane operators.
In addition, Peg Seminario, Director...
Conscientious employers are taking advantage of Crane Institute’s powerful, time-proven training programs. Our nationally scheduled open-enrollment programs are ideal for individuals as well as corporate or government entities desiring training for specific personnel.
Our interview this month was with Barney Shorter of Crane Training Group. The interview was focused on the ‘Complete Package’ offer. This offer entails:
• Online Training Program, being a CIA certified trainer makes you eligible to use our online training program for use in your training.
• CIC Authorized Practical Examiner, allows you to give practical exams to the students you just trained.
Barney Shorter; CIA Certified Mobile Crane Trainer and CIC Authorized Practical Examiner
CIA: What training programs have you attended with Crane Institute (CIA)?
Shorter: Well I’ve attended the Train-the-Trainer program; I’ve done the operator training program and I’ve done the Practical Examiner Training.
CIA: Was the training on mobile cranes?
Shorter: Yes, mobile cranes.
CIA: Have you been trained on other equipment; overhead cranes, rigging?
Shorter: No overhead, no rigging, but I’ve gotten certified on every discipline from the 0-21 ton, 21-75 ton, over 75 ton, lattice boom carrier and lattice boom crawler so we can train just about everybody on any mobile crane.
CIA: As a CIA certified mobile crane trainer, have you taken advantage of the ‘Complete Package’ offer?
Shorter: Absolutely, I was in the training in the beginning of August last year, and I guess that’s 5 months ago and I’ve probably trained well over 130 people in 5 months, in every discipline; small, medium and large telescoping boom cranes and I’ve given practicals to just about everyone of those students.
This month’s interview is with Johnathan Camp of Crane Rental Corporation in Orlando, Fla. Camp was the winner of the 2012 Florida Crane Owner’s Council (FCOC) Scholarship. He won a free Mobile Crane Operator 4-day training program from Crane Institute of America (CIA) and free Mobile Crane Operator written and practical certification exams from Crane Institute Certification (CIC) valuing over $1,800.
CIA: What was your reaction to receiving the Florida Crane Owner’s Council Scholarship?
Camp: I was very honored for being considered and really enjoyed my time here at Crane Institute. When I need more certifications, I will be back. Thanks for everything!
CIA: What was your overall impression of the Mobile Crane Operator Training Program?
Camp: Very informative and at a pace where if you have questions, they take the time to answer and do not carry on with class until everyone understands.
CIA: Do you feel the instructor was knowledgeable?
Camp: I believe Tom R. was very knowledgeable and extremely professional.
CIA: Do you feel like you were prepared to take the CIC Nationally Accredited Exams?
Camp: Yes, I believe so. More nervous about the hands-on, but I believe I did pretty good!
CIA: How do you think you would have done had you taken the exams “cold-turkey?”
Camp: 50/50. There was stuff on the exams that I didn’t know and stuff that I did.
CIA: Did you find yourself studying back home to prepare?
Camp: No hardcore studying, just brushing up on the material.
CIA: Do you have any advice to those in the industry that might be considering taking...
This year Crane Institute entered instructor Wendell Gray into the 5th Annual Crane & Rigging Hotline Top Trainer Award Program. The purpose of this Award Program is to find instructors across the U.S. that have inspired their students to perform their job duties in a safe and correct manner. Instructors were judged on: hands-on instruction, encouragement towards peers, success of training, and the instructor’s impact. Students, colleagues and employers were allowed to nominate instructors and the feedback from them is what determined the winner.
Although Gray may not have won the Top Trainer Award, we are proud to announce his Professional Honorable Mention. To read more about Wendell Gray, A Trainer With Heart, click here.
If you are an operator – our 4-Day Mobile Crane Operator program ($995.00) is the one to pick. If your interest is rigging – choose our 2 –Day Qualified Rigger/Signalperson ($595.00). Please click the link to enter. We also have special pricing of select products which include our most popular Mobile Cranes and Rigging handbooks written by James Headley, President and Executive Director of Crane Institute of America. We feel it is a privilege to share these saving with you!
Take precautions and be safe whether you are hanging decorations at home or traveling to be with loved ones. We want to end 2011 with everyone home safe for the holidays, including our men and women serving in the military.
All of us at Crane Institute of America wish you a very merry Christmas and a safe, happy New Year!