The thought of an OSHA Compliance Office visiting a construction site may make some cringe.
OSHA released a ‘directive for enforcing requirements of the Cranes and Derricks in Construction standard.’ The purpose of the directive is to give OSHA personnel a basis on how to conduct their inspections at construction sites when equipment covered by Subpart CC are present.
The items outlined below are just the minimum a Compliance Office follows during their inspection. The officer can include items in the inspection from other applicable requirements if the reason for the inspection is a fatality, compliant/referral inspection, or if a hazardous condition is present.
- Are ground conditions adequate, including support/foundation, matting, cribbing, blocking, etc?
- Is there visibly apparent need for repairs of equipment?
- Are nearby power lines energized; what is the voltage; what is the crane’s working area; and what are the encroachment prevention procedures?
- Is a signal person used and do they have documentation of qualification, electronic or physical?
- Is the qualified signal person the one communicating with the operator?
- Are lift plans being followed, if used?
- If hoisting personnel, who determined it was necessary?
- Are meetings being conducting for working near power lines, A/D work or hoisting?
- Is all available rigging equipment compliant?
- Are load charts and OEM manual’s available for the specific equipment used?
- Is the operator qualified, trained and competent?
- Are equipment and wire rope inspections being conducted; by whom; and are they qualified?
- Are safety devices and operational aids functioning?
- Are there any visual deficiencies of hoisting equipment, components and load line?
- How is weight of load determined?
- Are qualified riggers being used for A/D work and when in the fall zone?
- Who is the A/D Director and are they present?
- Are oilers and mechanics qualified; are they communicating with the operator; and are...
May 27, 2014 (Sanford, Fla.)—Crane Institute of America announces the release of the first cards in the new Ready Reference Series. The laminated, pocket-sized cards cover topics that are useful for lift directors and crane and rigging inspectors, as well as others with responsibility for overseeing crane activities on the job site.
The first three cards in the Ready Reference Series feature Wire Rope Inspection, Crane Setup, and Working Around Power Lines.
“Both ASME B30.5 and OSHA 1926 Subpart CC for Cranes and Derricks in Construction discuss the job site responsibilities for controlling entities, site supervisors, lift directors, assembly/disassembly directors, crane owners, and others. The Ready Reference Cards are designed to provide these individuals with technical and safety guidelines that are reflection of industry standards and regulations,” said Jim Headley, President and CEO of Crane Institute of America.
The Wire Rope Inspection card makes it easy for inspectors to determine when the wire rope must be removed from service. The card lists wire rope sizes from 3/8” to 1-3/4” (10 mm to 45 mm on back) and the minimum diameter allowed in both fractions and decimals – taking the math out of the inspection.
Crane Setup addresses site preparation, one of the most important aspect of crane operation and explains who is responsible for ensuring the ground will support the crane and loads lifted. Additional information is provided on positioning the crane, maintaining clearances with power lines, and avoiding potentially unstable ground.
Working Around Power Lines summarizes key information about the clearances required when working near or driving under power lines, how and when to use signalpersons. It also includes reminders about how operators and other personnel are to respond in case of contact with live lines.
Future Ready Reference cards will cover Assembly/Disassembly and other topics for individuals...
According to OSHA 1926 Subpart CC, there is a chance you may not be qualified to rig certain loads.
Qualified Rigger: A rigger who meets the criteria for a qualified person.
Qualified Person: A person who, by possession of a recognized degree, certificate, or professional standing, or who by extensive knowledge, training and experience, successfully demonstrated the ability to solve/resolve problems relating to the subject matter, the work, or the project.
In October 2010, OSHA released a FactSheet to expand upon their definition of ‘qualified rigger.’ Essentially, you may have many years of rigging experience, but if asked to rig an atypical load (unstable, unusually heavy, multi-crane lift, etc.) you may no longer fall under the definition of ‘qualified rigger.’ OSHA puts the responsibility on the employer for selecting a rigger capable of performing such rigging operations
Read OSHA FactSheet here.
Attend a Crane Institute of America Rigger/Signalperson Training Program and be on your way to fitting into OSHA’s ‘qualified rigger’ definition.
You may have heard people referencing OSHA Subpart CC or the OSHA 1926.1400 standards for cranes and derricks. Effective in 2010, this new rule updated the requirements for this equipment used in construction.
Digger derricks were exempted in the preamble of the rule when used in operations or maintenance activities and when used for auguring holes or setting poles. After the rule’s release, Edison Electric Institute (EEI) petitioned OSHA to expand its exemption to all digger derrick operations covered by Subpart V, which accounted for an additional 5 percent of the work performed by digger derricks.
However, OSHA received a significant adverse comment on the direct final rule and in February 2013, the agency withdrew the direct final rule. Instead, OSHA will follow its normal rule-making procedures by issuing the expanded exemption through the negotiated rulemaking process.
As it stands now, the digger derrick exemption has no change as of the August 2010 ruling, which states:
Digger derricks when used for augering holes for poles carrying electric and telecommunication lines, placing and removing the poles, and for handling associated materials to be installed on or removed from the poles. Digger derricks used in work subject to 29 CFR part 1926, subpart V, must comply with 29 CFR 1910.269. Digger derricks used in construction work for telecommunication service (as defined at 29 CFR 1910.268(s)(40)) must comply with 29 CFR 1910.268.
For a full recap of the digger derrick exemption request and the subsequent process, read this article at regulations.gov.
To read about the revised exemption and its withdrawal from the direct final rule:
November 2012: http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=FEDERAL_REGISTER&p_id=23516
1. Annual inspections
2. Signal person qualifications
3. Materials must be rigged by qualified rigger
4. Crane operating procedures readily available in crane cab
5. Signal person qualification documentation on site
6. Monthly inspection
7. Each shift inspection
8. Monthly inspection documentation
9. Power line safety <350 kv
10. Ground conditions firm, drained and graded
Based on Subpart CC citations from January 1, 2011 to May 13, 2013
Getting one of your cranes inspected, or preparing to inspect a crane? More than likely liability has run through your mind. OSHA requires cranes to be inspected at specific periods of times (see OSHA 1926.1412 – Mobile Cranes, Derricks, Tower Cranes; OSHA 1910.179j – Overhead and Gantry Cranes; OSHA.gov). Although not all inspections are required to be documented, it is good practice to maintain records.
• Require the inspector to be trained and qualified.
• Make sure your inspection checklist has been signed by the inspector.
• Ask questions about the inspection, especially if you have concerns.
• Maintain the inspector’s contact information (the inspector has to sign the inspection, but you may not remember who performed the inspection just by their signature).
• Make sure you’re signing and dating inspection checklists.
• Keep a copy of regulations should the crane owner have questions regarding a particular item.
• Keep a copy of the checklist for your records.
The inspection checklist is a legal document that states the condition of the crane at the time it was inspected. It lists deficiencies that constitute a hazard that must be corrected by the crane owner. It should also contain recommendations of things that should be done to better improve safety. A crane inspector cannot be held responsible for something that happens after the inspection.
Need inspection checklists to help you perform a quality inspection?...